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The term content governance, and others like it, is so often bandied about, the issue can take on the trappings of a religious movement -- right up to and including the existence of caterwauling crusaders who blindly preach rigid doctrine on how to take control of one's information.
Although I firmly believe in the whole governance "thing," I am not a fan of slavish obedience to dogma because too many cultural and operational differences exist between organizations for there to be one single truth.
Having said that, though, I do believe that five commandments, when followed, can bring considerable earthly benefit:
1. Thou shalt treat information as an asset
Whether you acknowledge it or not, information lies at the heart of everything your organization does. Information drives decisions, and whether these decisions are good or bad often depends upon the quality of the information at hand.
Therefore, maintaining high-quality information is fundamental to an organization's success, and the best way to accomplish this is to propagate a commitment to content governance up and down the organizational chart -- "from the boardroom to the mailroom," as it is said. The idea is to ensure that information is consistently treated as an asset throughout the enterprise, paying particular attention to how it's created, updated, tracked, protected, shared and disposed of.
2. Thou shalt control access
Many organizations use shared drives extensively to facilitate the sharing of their content -- and sometimes it works so well that their information ends up in places like competitors' inboxes and on social media.
Contrary to one popular belief, countering this isn't a function of locking down everything tightly -- all that does is deny people entry to much of what they need to do their jobs. Instead, consider clearly defining people's roles so you can effectively match their access permissions to their information requirements. Whether managed through the content system or a company directory service (e.g., LDAP), this is a great way to ensure everyone sees what they're supposed to and no one sees what they're not.
3. Thou shalt apply metadata
"Seek, and ye shall find" may be a notable Biblical exhortation, but for many organizations its fulfillment is not yet a practical reality. In most cases, the reason is that information is stored in siloes throughout the enterprise, and the owners of those siloes use different vocabularies to describe what each bit of content is -- if, indeed, any description is present.
Fixing this means making sure a certain minimum number of descriptors is applied to each item. In information management terms, this is what lies at the heart of metadata management, and it is key to enabling enterprise search and find. Good content and records management systems have this at their core, and even email systems and shared drives support some measure of the capability. But none of it is worth anything if people aren't trained/indoctrinated/browbeaten to use it properly and consistently, and so, often, they simply don't.
4. Thou shalt mandate retention and destruction
If having information is good, then having more of it must be better, right? Wrong! Letting content accumulate makes search/find/management that much more challenging and expensive, and it can represent a legal liability because anything hanging around is potentially discoverable in the event of a lawsuit.
The answer, then, is to mandate how long your information has to be kept, how to dispose of it when the time comes -- and then, to actually get rid of it. The specifics of such a schedule, of course, depend on the kind of content it is, the rules and regulations of the industry in which you reside, and even on your own internal best practices. But it has to be done. And don't forget to maintain a record of how and when your records were destroyed.
5. Thou shalt enforce thy policies
For all the piety associated with observing the preceding four commandments, this fifth one may be worthy of the most devotion because people often consider a lack of enforcement to be a license to freestyle. As an example, just think about how much faster you'd drive if you didn't have to worry about a speeding citation.
Enforcing policies, however, doesn't mean you have to be heavy-handed. Investing in training, coaching and positive reinforcement will lay a solid foundation for compliance without the need for anyone to be a disciplinarian. But at the same time, drawing that line in the sand when dealing with especially "hard cases" is important so everyone in the organization knows you're serious about establishing your content governance rigor.
For sure, plenty of governance zealots are out there to go around. But you don't have to be one to achieve your content-related goals; instead, all you have to do is adhere to these commandments and you'll find your stairway to heaven to be much less steep than perhaps you thought it would be.
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